This glass is moulded or pressed into a pattern and always has a shiny, iridescent surface. Carnival glass has been known by many other names in the past: aurora glass, dope glass, rainbow glass, taffeta glass, and ‘poor man’s Tiffany’ for its resemblence to the more expensive Tiffany . Its current name was adopted by collectors in the 1950s from the fact that it was sometimes given as prizes at carnivals & fairgrounds. Carnival glass gets its iridescent sheen from the application of metallic salts while the glass is still hot from the pressing. After that, re-firing the glass, brings out its iridescent properties.
This clear or colored translucent glassware was distributed free, or at low cost, in the United States around the time of the Great Depression. Food manufacturers included a piece of glassware within the package of food and movie theaters passed out pieces as door prizes. It was made in hundreds of patterns and colors.
Common colors include: clear (crystal), pink, pale blue, green, and amber
Rarer colors include: yellow (canary), ultra marine, jadeite (opaque pale green), delphite (opaque pale blue), cobalt blue, red (ruby & royal ruby), black, amethyst, monax, and white (milk glass)
A Greek word meaning that which lasts but for a day. It originally referred to printed items that were produced with the intent of conveying some content of topical importance. Think of invitations, newsletters, pamphlets, greeting cards, and postcards. The term can also be applied to collectibles, especially rare ones.
Goofus glass is pressed glass which was decorated with cold, unfired paint in the early 20th century in America by several prominent glass factories. Because it was mass-produced and relatively cheap, it was given as a premium for buying things, awarded as prizes at fairs. It was the first carnival glass, preceding the iridized product we refer to as carnival glass today.
Milk glass or opal glass is an opaque or translucent, milky white or colored glass, blown or pressed into a wide variety of shapes. First made in Venice in the 16th century, colors include blue, pink, yellow, brown, black, and the white that led to its popular name. The white color is achieved through the addition of an opacifier, e.g. tin dioxide or bone ash.